The Execution phase begins when work processes are initiated in accordance with the execution plans and ends when the execution is completed or cancelled. The execution of the operations includes movement of goods, cargo handling, document handling, monitoring and control of operations and goods, supporting effective coordination and accomplishment of the whole transport chain. This may include transport and terminal operations managed by several Transport Service Providers (transport companies, terminals, etc.). This phase also deals with detection and management of deviations.
Order Entry and Consolidation is the registration, validation and management of orders. The exact content differs considerably depending on the user role: either shippers, LSPs or carriers. For a shipper it is the key to register the relation between the customer order and the transportation/orders/ deliveries that are being created as part of the fulfilment process.
A logistics service provider (LSP) typically receives transportation orders from customers, either by phone, fax, email or electronically.
Depending on the activities being outsourced and the IT solutions used, LSPs and carriers might only get a transportation order, possibly with a reference to a client customer order.
This functionality may include (basic) consolidation of transport orders, but can also link to the more advanced planning and scheduling functions described above in the planning section.
When dispatching the carriers or own drivers need to be informed. Confirmation may need to be obtained, especially when subcontracted carriers are used. At this point additional information, such as license plate and driver information might be part of the confirmation.
The process used to record the order status information related to the pick-up/collection and delivery of shipments. This is also often referred to as the “visibility” or track and trace functionality. It is used to monitor the execution of the transport on every order. Information captured during this process might also be used for financial settlement later.
Global Logistic Execution/Customs and Transport Documents are supporting international transportation with trade compliance for import and export. It provides compliance information about rules and regulations and supports printing of specific import/export documents.
It can also provide electronic connectivity to some of the authorities involved.